Rosacea is a persistent and chronic skin condition which causes flushing or redness on the face.
Facial redness (facial erythema) on the cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead is called Rosacea. Rosacea commonly affects people with fair skin. It can occur in men and women, most commonly between the ages 30 and 60. It seems to be made worse by sun exposure, the wind, intake of wine, and flushing with embarrassment. Rosacea can also have acne eruptions, and this is referred to as acne rosacea. Men often suffer from rhinophyma, which is the thickening of the skin on the nose making it swollen and bulbous.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors:
Although the cause of rosacea is unknown, you are more likely to develop this harmless skin condition if:
- You are fair-skinned
- You blush easily
- You are a woman (however, men with the condition are usually more severely affected)
- You are between the ages of 30 and 50
- Rosacea involves swelling of the blood vessels just under the skin. It may be associated with other skin disorders (acne vulgaris, seborrhea) or eye disorders (blepharitis, keratitis).
- Redness of the face in discrete areas or covering the entire face
- A tendency to flush or blush easily
- Increased number of spider-like blood vessels (telangiectasia) of the face
- A burning or stinging sensation of the face
- Irritated, bloodshot, watery eyes